In the Middle Ages, the classic traditional music-vocal genre "makom" was formed, which is rightfully considered the pinnacle of Uzbek professional music of oral tradition. Some researchers see the development of the oldest canonised chants in the makoms, which long before the establishment of Islam in Central Asia were inextricably linked with the astrological representations of the Zoroastrians. Traditionally, the primary musical instrument for the performance of makoms is a tanbour, a stringed-pinch musical device of the type with a pear-shaped deck (hull) and a long neck.
Makom expresses the suffering of the people, his pain, history and state of mind. Singers are in a kind of trance, a meditative state, during which a creative person can see the surrounding aura.